The guitar is a stringed musical instrument played by plucked, generally using fingers or a plectrum. The guitar is formed on a part of the basic body with the neck solid as a string which generally amounts to six. The guitar is traditionally formed from various types of wood with strings made of nylon or steel. Some modern guitars are made of polycarbonate material. In general, the guitar is divided into two types: acoustic and electric.
Acoustic guitar, with a hollow body part (hollow body), has been used for thousands of years. There are three main types of modern acoustic guitar: the nylon-stringed acoustic guitar, steel-string acoustic guitar, and the archtop guitar strings. Generally played classical guitar as a solo instrument using a comprehensive fingerpicking technique.
Electric guitar, introduced in 1930, relies on electronic amplifier capable of manipulating the guitar sound (amplifier). At the beginning of its use, electric guitars using hollow bodies (hollow body), but then use solid bodies (solid body) is considered more appropriate. Wide famous electric guitar as the main instrument in various music genres such as blues, country, reggae, jazz, metal, rock, and various forms of pop music.
The word 'guitar' or "guitar" in English, was originally named after the ancient stringed instruments in the Persian region in approximately 1500 BC, known as guitar. This instrument is then developed into a variety of models of ancient guitar known as a generic term tanbur. In the year 300 BC the Persian tanbur developed by the Greeks and six centuries later by the Romans (Bellow, 1970: 54-55). 476M In this instrument brought by the Romans to Spain and transformed into: (1) Guitarra Morisca melody that serves as a carrier, and (2) Guitarra Latina to play a chord. Three centuries later the Arabs brought a kind of stringed instruments guitar as al and to Spain (Summerfield, 1982: 12). Based construction and a second Arab al and guitar model from the Roman, the Spanish and then make his own musical instrument called the vihuela.
As a result, vihuela became popular in Spain while his predecessor musical instruments gradually abandoned. Nevertheless, al ud brought to the Western European countries and rival the popularity of the vihuela in Spain.
In Europe al ud greeted well and develop into various models of European lute until approximately the end of the 17th century. While the vihuela evolving into a wide variety of guitar for centuries until it became a classical guitar used at this time. Guitar authenticity cannot be seen from antiquity.
Some experts feel this tool comes from the African continent, where many modern replicas in the form of a round box as shells with Gut/silk yarn, in many regions of the continent. Other experts find this tool in the form of glass in an old stone reliefs relief in times of Ancient Central Asia and Asia.
Materials other thoughts also arise with the discovery of ancient Greek vase bercorak.
Greek Strings is the first tool that may be categorized as a guitar. Modern guitar possibility stems from the Spanish guitar, but different types of guitar-like instrument we can see the painting in Medieval times and Renaissance that is widely available throughout Europe.